A new report from a nonprofit group in Indonesia shows how widespread pesticide use is among the region’s tropical rainforests, a potentially worrisome development for the nation’s efforts to combat the spread of Zika virus.
The report, released Wednesday, found pesticide use in the tropical rainforest was widespread and widespread.
The World Resources Institute, a Washington-based non-profit, estimated pesticide use was 40 percent of Indonesia’s total land area and about 15 percent of the nations total forest area.
The Indonesian government has long resisted calls to restrict pesticide use, citing concerns that the virus could spread in areas where traditional agriculture and traditional medicines were used.
In an interview, the report’s director, Jumana Rizal, said the report was not meant to be an official statement but to document the widespread use of pesticides in Indonesia.
“It’s a pretty large problem,” said Riza.
“We think we can solve it, we think we’re doing something.”
Indonesia’s Ministry of Health and Welfare has acknowledged that some of the pesticides found in the rainforest may be harmful, but has not said how widespread the problems are.
The government has pledged to tackle the problem.
“The main challenge is the problem of pesticide use.
The pesticides that are in the environment are also in the ecosystem,” Rizi said.
The WHO’s report noted that pesticide use had not been reduced in the tropics since 2002.
In the countrys capital, Jakarta, pesticide use has been reduced, but that had not led to a significant decrease in pesticide use overall, the WHO said.
“In the tropical forests, the situation is much worse than in the forests in the rest of the world,” said Juma Anuja, a researcher at the Indonesian Institute of Science and Technology in Surabaya, which published the report.
“Even though there is a reduction in pesticide usage in the countries where they are used, there are still a lot of pesticides and the use continues to be very high.”
Rizali, who said he is studying the health effects of the pesticide use and the role of chemicals in spreading the virus, said he was surprised that pesticide levels in Indonesia were so high.
“Pesticides are really bad, but they are not as bad as they are in other countries,” Rizzali said.
While the WHO study focused on Indonesia, Rizalis report found widespread pesticide usage across the tropical and subtropical rainforets.
In some parts of Indonesia, the researchers found that pesticide residues were present in nearly 80 percent of forests.
In addition, they found pesticides were present at concentrations that exceeded the limits set by Indonesia’s national health authorities.
“There is a clear correlation between pesticide use,” Riazali said, referring to the WHO report.
Rizals report was the first to document widespread pesticide misuse in Indonesia’s tropical forests.
The findings are the first time that WHO has documented widespread pesticide contamination in Indonesia, and highlight the fragility of the regions environment and its potential for transmission of the virus.
“I am very pleased that this report shows that we have a real problem, and that we need to address it urgently,” Riza said.
Riza added that the WHO did not make a determination on whether the pesticide contamination could be attributed to climate change, saying the agency has yet to study the issue.
“This report is very clear on the relationship between the climate and the occurrence of the Zika virus, which is a threat to human health,” Raza said.
According to the World Resources Report, the number of pesticide users in Indonesia is more than 20 times higher than in neighboring Malaysia, with some 70 percent of pesticide-using countries and 70 percent in the country’s eastern provinces.
The researchers said the majority of the spraying occurred in the eastern provinces, where there was no evidence of any health effects.
In parts of Sumatra and Borneo, the study found pesticide-related pesticide residues in just 10 percent of rainforelands.
Riazals findings also raised concern that there were fewer health measures in place to protect against the virus in some areas.
Risa Rizalia, a spokeswoman for the National Environmental Agency, said in an email that the country had launched a plan to combat Zika in some regions and plans to implement it.
The agency was working with state governments to implement the plan, Riza noted.
Ria Rizia said she was not aware of any plans to develop protective measures for the rainforestal forests.
She added that if there were plans to address pesticide contamination, the government was working to implement them.
“As of now, we don’t have any plans, so we don�t know if it�s going to happen,” Ria said.
In May, the Indonesian government announced a nationwide plan to implement emergency measures to combat mosquito-borne diseases.
The plans include restrictions on outdoor use and restrictions on spraying chemicals in the national parks