Clean water is an issue that is becoming increasingly relevant as the world warms.
A global agreement to curb emissions from water and sewage systems, known as the COOL Water Initiative, aims to bring an end to dirty water in all 50 countries by 2030.
In Australia, we are one of the biggest water polluters.
In February this year, we had one of our highest levels of CO2 pollution in our entire history.
While we’ve reduced the amount of CO 2 in our atmosphere, our water quality is still poor and we have not fully recovered from the worst of the industrial pollution of the 1980s.
It is not yet known how much we will pay for the pollution from dirty water and how much it will cost.
It also depends on the extent to which the CO 2 emissions from the dirty water are reduced.
Some countries, such as China, are already reducing CO 2 from their rivers and groundwater, and some countries, including the US, are in the process of developing clean water infrastructure.
But the cost of reducing CO2 from dirty waters will vary depending on the size of the problem, the extent of its impact and the resources and technology that are available.
There is no easy answer, but the answers are not as simple as just “don’t pollute”.
It’s not a question of if, it’s when.
We need to look at the context.
How will dirty water affect water quality?
Clean water pollution is a big problem in our lives.
It affects our health, our environment, our quality of life, and the health of our communities.
It causes the release of pollutants, such the nitrates and nitrites that are in our drinking water, into our bodies.
Water pollution also damages our health by causing problems with our kidneys, and can be fatal.
The chemicals in dirty water can also damage the immune system.
The more dirty water pollution in a place, the greater the risk that people will get sick from it.
People who live in dirty places are more likely to develop asthma and other conditions.
This is not just a global problem.
In the US alone, more than a million Americans have asthma.
In South Australia, there is a national air quality warning for nearly 1,200 polluted beaches.
In Sydney, the Australian Capital Territory, more people are being diagnosed with asthma.
We can’t control what happens when people are exposed to dirty or toxic water.
It’s important to understand that pollution in dirty areas is also linked to increased health risks.
It can lead to increased asthma rates, higher rates of depression, and a rise in obesity, all of which are linked to poor health outcomes.
We know that dirty water is also associated with poor water quality, but we don’t know exactly how much.
The World Health Organization’s (WHO) Global Assessment of Water and Environmental Toxicity 2016 concluded that dirty wastewater is a factor of 2.7 to 3.5 times more toxic than clean water.
What’s the cost?
What is the cost associated with pollution in the water?
A recent report by the OECD, Clean Water, Clean Environment and Health, shows that it’s likely that the cost will be between $15 and $27 billion in Australia.
There are other costs, too, such an increase in health costs, including increased hospitalisation and death, and reduced access to quality water.
A recent paper from the University of Sydney looked at the cost to governments of complying with the COLLO Waters and Sewage Implementation Plan (COLLSIP), which aims to reduce pollution in water in developing countries.
It found that a combination of measures including public education campaigns and better infrastructure will likely reduce the costs associated with the pollution in countries with the lowest levels of pollution.
It will also increase public awareness and make the situation less expensive for countries with large water pollution.
What can governments do to reduce the cost and increase public knowledge of COLLSIPS?
Governments can take the following steps to reduce water pollution: • Make sure there is sufficient clean water around to support local communities.
• Ensure that water quality measures are in place, so that it is safe for children to go swimming.
• Provide better and more efficient water management systems for irrigation and desalination, so there is less waste.
• Use alternative water sources such as waste water, agricultural runoff, groundwater, or river water.
• Implement community water recycling, which means that waste water is returned to the community in a way that minimises the amount that needs to be disposed of.
• Improve water quality through better treatment systems, which are less likely to be used to increase pollution.
• Support the development of clean water projects, such a desalinating plant, treatment plant or wastewater treatment plant.
• Reduce the amount and location of polluted rivers and streams, and provide alternative water resources for fish.
• Invest in more resilient water infrastructure such as wastewater treatment plants, sewage treatment plants or flood control dams.
• Encourage the use of alternative fuels